The professional name of "sugar substitute" is "non-nutritive sweetener", hereinafter referred to as NNS. The common feature is: no calories, or because the amount of sweetness is very high, so the calories can be ignored. Members include: saccharin, acesulfame K, aspartame, sucralose, alitame, stevioside and mogroside, etc.
On the surface, when NNS is added to food or beverages, it avoids the excessive calorie intake that may be caused by added sugars (such as sucrose, glucose, fructose, maltose, etc.), and causes more negative health effects after entering the human body. Possibility (for example: the effect of fructose on the liver and blood uric acid level). At the same time, NNS can also provide sweetness, which solves the problem of lack of added sugar in food and beverage, which seems to kill two birds with one stone.
But just as added sugar enters the human body not only to provide calories, but also to affect physiological metabolism, the impact of NNS on us can not only be based on the level of calories, but we also need to explore whether the entire metabolic journey after it enters the human body is truly "unused." "? Can smart humans and the flora in their bodies really release them at will without being affected in the slightest? When there are overwhelming use of NNS products on the market, many research teams began to wonder whether this thing is really safe or not.
The results of a randomized clinical trial from the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California were recently published in JAMA Network Open. The results of the study are a wake-up call to the market, or to people who are afraid of getting fat:One of the most commonly used NNS in the food industry, sucralose, may increase the appetite of women and obese people!
In this study, by allowing healthy adults to drink water containing a certain amount of sucralose and sucrose, the following three things were understood:
1.Sucralose does not affect blood sugar and insulin levels
Compared to drinking sugar water, after drinking sucralose water, the levels of glucose, insulin, GLP-1, acyl-ghrelin, PYY or leptin in the body are indeed unchanged, which is similar to the situation after drinking water. You can simply understand that in terms of blood sugar, hunger, and fullness, sucralose and white water have similar effects on the human body. Therefore, if friends with blood sugar problems, such as diabetic patients, occasionally want to eat sweets and are afraid of affecting blood sugar, they can choose to use sucralose as a sugar substitute product, at least not to worry about blood sugar in these few hours.
2.The sweetness of sucralose cannot fool the brain
3.Sucralose has different effects on people of different genders and different fats and thinners . Sucralose is particularly unfriendly to friends and female friends who have obesity problems! Even more unfriendly to female fat friends!
Finally, we would like to kindly remind friends who are addicted to various sugar substitute desserts/drinks and do not have the problem of overweight and obesity for the time being: Many of you, since you have sugar substitutes NNS, you can’t help but fall in love with them, thinking they can Help you enjoy the sweetness without fear of gaining weight. However, it takes time for humans to observe and evaluate the health effects of a component, ranging from five to six years as short as